What is gum disease?

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a form of dental infection that usually develops as a result of poor oral hygiene; if the teeth are neglected, plaque will build up along the gum line, which will eventually start to irritate the soft tissue to the point where infection begins to develop. During the early stages of this condition, it is often quite difficult to identify the infection and apply treatment to prevent tooth loss; the first sign of gum infection is usually some slight bleeding when the teeth are being brushed and this can be very easy to miss.

Many patients who develop gum disease will not even be aware that there is a problem and so the infection goes undetected for some time, allowing the bacteria to do more damage to the tissue. If you do notice some bleeding when you have finished brushing your teeth, there’s no need to panic; however, you should certainly refer this to your dentist as soon as you get chance because this is your best opportunity to treat the problem before it can do irreparable damage to your dental health.

Gum disease is one condition that patients can recover from fully if treatment is applied at an early stage, but if this does not happen then it may be impossible to eradicate the infection completely. The dentist will attempt to get the problem under control and then monitor the patient regularly to make sure that the gum disease does not become more aggressive.

If you feel like you are experiencing a gum disease it would be worth to book an appointment with a dentist to discuss the issues and seek further treatment. You can also click here to view the early treatments of gum disease.

In the early stages, it may be possible to get rid of the bacteria simply by improving oral hygiene but the longer it goes untreated, the more likely it is that there will be permanent problems further down the road. Even if it seems like your symptoms are only mild, you can still speak to your dentist about this and this could prevent long-term issues with gum disease – if it transpires that there is nothing seriously wrong with your teeth after all, you are still better off knowing one way or the other.

Should I get emergency treatment for gum disease?

It can be said that you probably do not need to arrange emergency treatment when gum disease first develops, simply because the condition will not have had chance to do serious damage to dental health. However, this does not mean that you can’t arrange an appointment if you would like to speak to a dentist about this problem; there’s no reason to leave infection untreated when there is help available twenty-four hours a day from emergency dental clinics. Dentists are used to treating all kinds of dental problems and your symptoms may only be mild to begin with but treatment can still be applied at the earliest possible stage.

Gum disease usually reaches the point where it requires immediate attention when abscesses start to form along the gum line; this happens because the inflamed tissue starts to pull away from the base of the teeth and leaves a space where bacteria will start to gather quickly. Over time, the body will try to flush out the infection by forming abscesses – also known as gum boils – and this kind of thing is not going to go away without professional dental treatment. The dentist needs to lance the swellings to remove the infected fluid and then the tissue is excised to stop the bacteria from penetrating more deeply into the gums. A course of antibiotics may also be needed if the infection has become more aggressive; your dentist may recommend this if the problem has been left untreated for an extended period of time.

What if I leave gum disease untreated?

If you do not arrange treatment for gum disease you should be aware that tooth loss will typically be the result of this condition if it is not treated at any stage. Gum disease causes the tissue to pull away from the roots and this means that the infection can attack the sockets and the periodontal fibres, which compromises the supporting structure that holds the tooth in place.

Without a decent support structure in place, the tooth or teeth will start to become unstable; the teeth will start to wobble and become much more painful when pressure is put onto them to bite and chew.

Teeth that are badly compromised will have to be removed to stop the condition from spreading deeper into the tissue; the dentist will have no choice but to extract them or they will just fall out of their own accord due to serious deterioration of the surrounding tissue and bone. Gum tissue can cause extensive tooth loss because the soft tissue covers all the roots and this means that it is not just one or two teeth that will be affected; multiple teeth will have to be extracted to prevent infection becoming more of a risk to general health.

You should also be aware that infection can be a danger to other areas of health due to the fact that it can spread into the blood stream; blood poisoning will subsequently develop if this happens and this condition can be fatal in some cases. Generally speaking, gum disease is not necessarily going to escalate to this point but you should remember that other symptoms could point to a more serious problem; for example, if you start to feel dizzy or nauseated and you have been living with gum disease for some time, you should refer this to a doctor rather than a dentist. A dental clinic is not going to be able to help with this sort of thing if your condition takes a turn for the worse, so head to the nearest hospital instead.

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